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Table 2 Comparisons in demographic factors and fear of falling scores between self-reported fallers and non-fallers

From: Fear of falling in obese women under 50 years of age: a cross-sectional study with exploration of the relationship with physical activity

Characteristic Fallers
n = 42
Mean (SD)
Non-fallers
n = 21
Mean (SD)
Test of difference,
p value
95% CI for difference
Mean (SD) BMI in kg/m2 43.8 (10.9) 39.8 (8.2) t = 0.86, df61, p = 0.70
Age group in years
 18 to 35 13 (31%) 5 (24%) Chi-square 1.29, df2,
 35 to 44.9 12 (29%) 9 (43%) p = 0.52
  > =45 17 (40%) 7 (33%)  
Mean (SD) Modified Falls Efficacy Scale 7.0 (2.6) 9.0 (2.4) t = 3.12, df61, p = 0.003
95% CI –3.4 to −0.7
Mean (SD) Consequences of Falling Scale 34.1 (8.6) 25.7 (8.6) t = 3.67, df61, p = 0.001
95% CI 3.8 to 13.0
Mean (SD) Modified Survey of Activities and Fear of Falling in the Elderly Scale a 28.8 (8.9) 20.1 (4.3) t = 5.24, df60.9, p < 0.001
95% CI 5.4 to 12.3
  1. at test for unequal variances used, as appropriate; Median in fallers = 30 and in non-fallers = 18; Mann Whitney U test for difference in medians p < 0.001. BMI body mass index