Skip to main content

Table 4 The associations among parental BMI, child’s health behaviors, and child’s BMI in boys

From: Association of parental body mass index (BMI) with child’s health behaviors and child’s BMI depend on child’s age

Boys P-BMI ➔ FV P-BMI ➔ SSB P-BMI ➔ Screen Time P-BMI ➔ PA
Constant 2.51 ± 0.15*** 1.05 ± 0.11*** 22.99 ± 1.62*** 0.53 ± 0.12*
Age2 −0.68 ± 0.10*** 0.11 ± 0.08 5.00 ± 1.13*** 0.57 ± 0.09***
Age3 −0.84 ± 0.17*** 0.14 ± 0.13 7.95 ± 1.90*** 0.34 ± 0.10***
P-BMI 0.001 ± 0.01 0.01 ± 0.008 −0.06 ± 0.12 0.97 ± 0.02*
P-BMI*Age2 −0.003 ± 0.01 −0.001 ± 0.01 0.25 ± 0.15* 1.04 ± 0.02*
P-BMI*Age3 0.06 ± 0.03* −0.03 ± 0.02 −0.12 ± 0.28 1.03 ± 0.04
  FV ➔ C-BMI SSB ➔ C-BMI Screen Time ➔ C-BMI PA ➔ C-BMI
Constant 112.54 ± 2.68*** 114.49 ± 2.15*** 113.63 ± 2.46*** 114.17 ± 2.20***
Age2 4.17 ± 2.59 0.80 ± 1.78 − 0.69 ± 2.42 3.92 ± 1.90*
Age3 1.11 ± 3.92 1.60 ± 3.05 −3.59 ± 4.20 1.39 ± 2.86
P-BMI 0.25 ± 0.73* 0.26 ± 0.14* 0.26 ± 0.14* 0.24 ± 0.14*
P-BMI*Age2 0.55 ± 0.17** 0.53 ± 0.17** 0.52 ± 0.17** 0.57 ± 0.17**
P-BMI*Age3 0.46 ± 0.34 0.41 ± 0.33 0.47 ± 0.33 0.45 ± 0.33
Behavior 0.46 ± 0.73 −0.75 ± 0.96 0.004 ± 0.068 −14.05 ± 4.80*
Behavior*Age2 −0.48 ± 0.90 1.97 ± 1.16* 0.13 ± 0.08 3.33 ± 2.66
Behavior*Age3 −0.53 ± 1.65 −1.54 ± 1.93 0.11 ± 0.13 6.96 ± 4.50
  1. All values are fixed regression coefficient ± SE, except values of P-BMI ➔ PA are odd ratios (OR) ± SE
  2. *p < .05, **p = .001, ***p < .001
  3. Constant: preschool (reference groups); Age2: elementary; Age3: middle school
  4. P-BMI: mean-centered parental BMI; C-BMI: child percent of 95th BMI percentile (%BMIp95)
  5. Behaviors: FV (fruit and vegetable intake [times per day]), SSB (sugar-sweetened beverage intake [times per day]), screen time (TV, DVD, computer, video game [hours per week]), and PA (physical activity [7 days/week vs. < 7 days/week]) of child