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Table 5 The associations among parental BMI, child’s health behaviors, and child’s BMI in girls

From: Association of parental body mass index (BMI) with child’s health behaviors and child’s BMI depend on child’s age

Girls P-BMI ➔ FV P-BMI ➔ SSB P-BMI ➔ Screen Time P-BMI ➔ PA
Constant 2.52 ± 0.15*** 0.92 ± 0.12*** 19.68 ± 1.40*** 0.37 ± 0.10***
Age2 −0.38 ± 0.10*** 0.12 ± 0.08 3.78 ± 0.94*** 0.52 ± 0.08***
Age3 −0.67 ± 0.19*** 0.30 ± 0.14* 8.36 ± 1.73*** 0.43 ± 0.13*
P-BMI −0.008 ± 0.01 0.005 ± 0.009 −0.067 ± 0.105 1.02 ± 0.02
P-BMI*Age2 0.005 ± 0.04 0.015 ± 0.01 0.15 ± 0.13 0.98 ± 0.02
P-BMI*Age3 0.026 ± 0.02 0.021 ± 0.02 0.26 ± 0.22 0.95 ± 0.04
  FV ➔ C-BMI SSB ➔ C-BMI Screen Time ➔ C-BMI PA ➔ C-BMI
Constant 113.86 ± 2.76*** 112.78 ± 2.17*** 114.17 ± 2.60*** 112.22 ± 2.22***
Age2 2.12 ± 2.61 1.53 ± 1.76 −0.70 ± 2.54 2.54 ± 1.85
Age3 1.96 ± 4.40 −1.71 ± 3.35 −8.12 ± 4.78* 1.89 ± 3.12
PBMI 0.48 ± 0.15** 0.49 ± 0.15** 0.48 ± 0.15** 0.51 ± 0.15**
P-BMI*Age2 0.37 ± 0.18* 0.37 ± 0.18* 0.37 ± 0.18* 0.35 ± 0.18*
P-BMI*Age3 0.65 ± 0.31* 0.60 ± 0.31* 0.55 ± 0.31* 0.46 ± 0.31
Behavior −0.56 ± 0.75 −0.33 ± 1.03 −0.09 ± 0.09 −15.83 ± 5.30*
Behavior*Age2 −0.45 ± 0.89 −0.16 ± 1.22 0.10 ± 0.10 3.67 ± 2.65
Behavior*Age3 −1.98 ± 1.76 0.23 ± 2.02 0.26 ± 0.16 10.39 ± 5.07*
  1. All values are fixed regression coefficient ± SE, except values of P BMI ➔ PA are odd ratios (OR), ±SE
  2. *p < .05, **p = .001, ***p < .001
  3. Constant: preschool (reference groups); Age2: elementary; Age3: middle school
  4. PBMI: mean-centered parental BMI; CBMI: child percent of 95th BMI percentile (%BMIp95)
  5. Behaviors: FV (fruit and vegetable intake [times per day]), SSB (sugar-sweetened beverage intake [times per day]), screen time (TV, DVD, computer, video game [hours per week]), and PA (physical activity [7 days/week vs. < 7 days/week]) of child