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Table 1 Background characteristics of participating children by gender and type of schoola, b

From: Prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity among school children in an urban district in Ghana

  Overall Gender p-value School type p-value
   Female Male   Private Public  
Number (%) 543 (100) 339 (62.4) 204 (37.6) 0.265 272 (50.1) 271 (49.9)  
Age (years) 9.8 ± 1.0 9.8 ± 1.0 9.9 ± 1.0   9.8 ± 1.0 9.9 ± 1.0 0.725
Age groups
 8–9 199 (36.7) 129 (38.0) 70 (34.3) 0.217 98 (36.0) 101 (37.3) 0.764
 10–11 344 (63.4) 210 (62.0 134 (65.7)   174 (64.0) 170 (62.7)
Household size     0.020    0.396
 ≤ 3 31 (5.7) 17 (5.0) 14 (6.9)   16 (5.9) 15 (5.5)  
 4 - 6 323 (59.5) 210 (62.0) 113 (55.4)   170 (62.5) 153 (56.5)
 7 - 10 168 (30.9) 94 (27.7) 74 (36.3)   78 (28.7) 90 (33.2)
 ≥ 10 21 (3.9) 18 (5.3) 3 (1.4)   8 (2.9) 13 (4.8)
Father’s occupation     0.913   ` < 0.0001
 Artisan 149 (27.4) 96 (28.3) 53 (26.0)   34 (12.5) 115 (42.2)  
 Trading 58 (10.7) 36 (10.6) 22 (10.8)   42 (15.4) 16 (5.9)
 Professionalc 181 (33.3) 112 (33.0) 69 (33.8)   138 (50.7) 43 (15.9)
 Other 117 (21.6) 69 (20.3) 48 (23.5)   42 (15.4) 75 (27.7)
 I do not know 18 (3.3) 12 (3.5) 6 (2.9)   12 (4.4) 6 (2.2)
 Unemployed/retired 20 (3.7) 14 (4.1) 6 (2.9)   4 (1.5) 16 (5.9)
Mother’s occupation     0.311    0.003
 Artisan 75 (13.8) 46 (13.6) 29 (14.2)   38 (14.0) 37 (13.7)  
 Trading 290 (53.4) 187 (55.2) 103 (50.5)   142 (52.2) 148 (54.6)
 Professionalc 99 (18.2) 57 (16.8) 42 (20.6)   65 (23.9) 34 (12.6)
 Other 35 (6.5) 23 (6.8) 12 (5.9)   12 (4.4) 23 (8.5)
 I do not know 5 (0.9) 5 (1.5)   2 (0.7) 3 (1.1)
 Unemployed/retired 39 (7.2) 21 (6.2) 18 (8.8)   13 (4.8) 26 (9.6)
Socioeconomic status of household     0.639    < 0.0001
 Low 181 (33.3) 116 (34.2) 65 (31.9)   41 (15.1) 140 (51.7)  
 Middle 181 (33.3) 115 (33.9) 66 (32.3)   94 (34.6) 87 (32.1)  
 High 181 (33.3) 108 (31.9) 73 (35.8)   137 (50.4) 44 (16.2)
  1. aValues presented as numbers and percentages; bMean (SD); cProfessionals include doctors, lawyers, engineers, pharmacists and teachers
  2. p < 0.05