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Table 2 Behavioural characteristics of participating children by sex and type of school a,b

From: Prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity among school children in an urban district in Ghana

  Overall Sex p-value School type p-value
   Female Male   Private Public  
Breakfast     0.343    0.001
 No 152 (28.0) 95 (28.0) 57 (27.9)   59 (21.7) 93 (34.3)  
 2–3 days/week 93 (17.1) 64 (18.9) 29 (14.2)   41 (15.1) 52 (19.2)  
 3 or more times/week 298 (54.9) 180 (53.1) 118 (57.8)   172 (63.2) 126 (46.5)  
Fruits     0.069    0.213
 No/rarely 46 (8.5) 23 (6.8) 23 (11.3)   19 (7.0) 27 (10.0)  
 3 or more times/week 497 (91.5) 316 (93.2) 181 (88.7)   253 (93.0) 244 (90.0)  
Vegetables     0.084    0.808
 No/rarely 68 (12.5) 36 (10.6) 32 (15.7)   35 (12.9) 33 (12.2)  
 3 or more times/week 475 (87.5) 303 (89.4) 172 (84.3)   237 (87.1) 238 (87.8)  
Chips, sweets, chocolates     0.107    0.009
 No/rarely 199 (36.7) 133 (39.2) 66 (32.4)   85 (31.3) 114 (42.1)  
 3 or more times/week 344 (63.3) 206 (60.8) 138 (67.6)   187 (68.7) 157 (57.9)  
Fried foods     0.357    < 0.0001
 No 156 (28.7) 109 (32.1) 47 (23.0)   89 (32.7) 67 (24.7)  
 2–3 times/week 124 (22.8) 71 (20.9) 53 (26.0)   30 (11.0) 94 (34.7)  
 More than 3 times/week 263 (48.4) 159 (46.9) 104 (51.0)   153 (56.3) 110 (40.6)  
Sweetened beverages and soft drinks     0.787    < 0.0001
 No 104 (19.1) 68 (20.1) 36 (17.7)   46 (16.9) 58 (21.4)  
 2–3 times/week 149 (27.4) 92 (27.1) 57 (27.9)   55 (20.2) 94 (34.7)  
 More than 3 times/week 290 (53.4) 179 (52.8) 111 (54.4)   171 (62.9) 149 (43.9)  
Mean physical activity score b 2.56 ± 0.56 2.55 ± 0.54 2.57 ± 0.61 0.652 2.52 ± 0.57 2.60 ± 0.57 0.116
Physical activity level     0.388    0.995
 Low 91 (16.8) 52 (15.3) 39 (19.1)   46 (16.9) 45 (16.6)  
 Moderate 444 (81.8) 283 (83.5) 161 (78.9)   222 (81.6) 222 (81.9)  
 High 8 (1.4) 4 (1.2) 4 (2.0)   4 (1.5) 4 (1.5)  
Meeting PA guidelines     0.065    0.006
 No 357 (65.8) 213 (62.8) 144 (70.6)   194 (71.3) 163 (60.1)  
 Yes 186 (34.2) 126 (37.2) 60 (29.4)   78 (28.7) 108 (39.9)  
Transport to and from school     0.362    < 0.0001
 Walking/cycling 330 (60.8) 201 (59.3) 129 (63.2)   138 (50.7) 192 (70.9)  
 Motorised 213 (39.2) 138 (40.7) 75 (36.8)   134 (49.3) 79 (29.1)  
TV Watch duration     0.177    0.056
 2 h or less/day 337 (62.1) 203 (59.9) 134 (65.7)   158 (58.1) 179 (66.1)  
 More than 2 h/day 206 (37.9) 136 (40.1) 70 (34.3)   114 (41.9) 92 (33.9)  
Playing video/ computer games     0.030    0.449
 No/rarely 330 (60.8) 218 (64.3) 112 (54.9)   161 (59.2) 169 (62.4)  
 3 times or more/week 213 (39.2) 121 (35.7) 92 (45.1)   111 (40.8) 102 (37.6)  
Sleep duration     0.810    0.074
 Less than 9 h 130 (23.9) 80 (23.60) 50 (24.5)   74 (27.2) 56 (20.7)  
 9 h or more 413 (76.1) 259 (76.4) 154 (75.5)   198 (72.8) 215 (79.3)  
  1. aValues presented as number and percentages; bmean (SD)
  2. p < 0.05