Skip to main content

Table 4 Factors associated with overweight or obesity

From: Prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity among school children in an urban district in Ghana

  Odds ratio 95% CI p-value Adjusted Odds Ratioa 95% CI p-value
Age group
 8–9 1 0.46–1.16     
 10–11 0.73   0.183    
Sex
 Female 1 0.61–1.56     
 Male 0.97   0.917    
School type
 Public 1 1.95–5.35   1   
 Private 3.23   < 0.0001 2.44 1.39–4.29 0.002
Household socioeconomic status
 Low 1    1   
 Medium 1.87 1.01–3.48 0.048 1.30 0.67–2.55 0.437
 High 2.57 1.41–4.68 0.002 1.27 0.66–2.66 0.494
Eat breakfast
 No 1 0.51–2.00 0.984    
 2–3 days/week 1.01 0.54–1.53 0.717    
 More than 3 days 0.91      
Eat fruits
 No 1      
 Yes 0.789 0.37–1.70 0.544    
Eat vegetables
 No 1      
 Yes 0.723 0.38–1.37 0.319    
Eat chips, sweets, chocolate snacks
 No 1      
 Yes 1.17 0.72–1.88 0.529    
Fried foods
 No 1 0.46–1.72     
 2–3 times/week 0.89 0.65–1.89 0.728    
 More than 3 times/week 1.11   0.699    
Sweetened beverages and soft drinks
 No 1      
 2–3 times/week 1.62 0.79–3.30 0.184    
 More than 3 times 1.39 0.72–2.68 0.329    
Physical activity level
 Low 1 0.46–1.49     
 Moderate 0.83 0.07–5.40 0.529    
 High 0.62   0.667    
Mode of transport to/from school
 Motorised 1    1   
 Walking/cycling 0.39 0.25–0.62 < 0.0001 0.51 0.31–0.82 0.006
TV watch duration
 2 h or less/day 1 1.31–3.28   1   
 More than 2 h/day 2.08   0.002 1.72 1.05–2.82 0.031
Sleep duration
 8 h or less 1 0.25–0.66   1   
 9 h or more 0.41   < 0.0001 0.53 0.31–0.88 0.015
  1. aModels adjusted for: age, sex, SES, physical activity and dietary habits
  2. p < 0.05