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Table 1 Characteristics of the Study Sample according to Gender

From: Performance of neck circumference to predict obesity and metabolic syndrome among adult Saudis: a cross-sectional study

  Males (n = 1156) Females (n = 1907) P value
Variables Mean ± SD Mean ± SD  
Age in years 38.00 ± 14.34 39.00 ± 13.94 0.068
Neck Circumference(cm) 37.87 ± 3.05 33.35 ± 3.05 < 0.001
Waist Circumference (cm) 90.20 ± 14.58 79.51 ± 13.41 < 0.001
Hip Circumference (cm) 104.29 ± 11.66 106.25 ± 12.21 < 0.001
Waist/Height Ratio 0.53 ± 0.09 0.50 ± 0.09 < 0.001
Waist/Hip Ratio 0.86 ± 0.09 0.75 ± 0.15 < 0.001
BMI, kg/m2 28.20 ± 5.99 28.68 ± 6.41 0.047
SBP, mm Hg (average of 2 readings)^ 122.00,17.00 114.00, 20.00 < 0.001
DBP, mm Hg (average of 2 readings) 73.70 ± 12.78 67.99 ± 8.93 < 0.001
LDL, mmol/L 3.11 ± 0.89 3.02 ± 0.80 0.003
TC, mmol/L 4.87 ± 0.97 4.92 ± 0.91 0.176
TG, mmol/L 1.42 ± 1.08 1.09 ± 0.65 < 0.001
HDL, mmol/L 1.13 ± 0.29 1.40 ± 0.36 < 0.001
Blood Glucose, mmol/L^ 4.70, 1.30 4.70, 1.00 0.101
Obesity (BM1 ≥ 30 kg/m2) (n,%) 283 (33.10) 747 (39.20) 0.001
Dyslipidemia (n,%) 805 (70.40) 1335 (53.20) < 0.001
Diabetes Positives (n,%) 200 (17.30) 349 (18.30) 0.484
Hypertension Positives (n,%) 252 (21.80) 361 (18.90) 0.054
Metabolic Syndrome (n,%) 249 (21.50) 384 (20.10) 0.352
  1. Legend: SD Standard Deviation, n number, ^ skewed variables presented in median, Interquartile range and used Mann-Whitney test for comparison
  2. BMI body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, TC total cholesterol, HDL high density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL low density lipoprotein Cholesterol, TAG triglycerides