Skip to main content

Table 2 Behavior and dieting history between patients opting for non-surgical and surgical obesity treatment

From: A comparison of behavioral and psychological characteristics of patients opting for surgical and conservative treatment for morbid obesity

   Non-surgical n = 261 Bariatric surgery n = 301 Adjusted for gender/age/BMI   
Range Mean (SD) Mean (SD) F P ηp2
Family obesity
 - parent/sibling + as a child 0–2 1.0 (0.7) 1.3 (0.7) 8.98 <0.01 0.017
 - partner + own children 0–2 0.7 (0.7) 0.7 (0.6) 0.01 0.93  
Current behavior
 Unhealthy eating habits
  - Total 1–5 2.4 (0.7) 2.5 (0.7) 0.73 0.39  
  - Snacking between meals 1–5 3.0 (0.9) 3.1 (1.0) 0.82 0.37  
  - Snacking on sweets 1–5 2.8 (1.0) 2.8 (1.0) 1.13 0.29  
  - Drinking soda drinks 1–5 2.6 (1.4) 3.0 (1.4) 6.71 <0.01 0.012
  - Night time eating 1–5 1.3 (0.7) 1.2 (0.6) 3.57 0.11  
 Physical activity MET-minutes/week 0–14,958 2292.5 (2445.3) 1844.2 (2290.6) 3.96 <0.05 0.008
 Alcohol use 1–9 4.5 (1.8) 4.0 (1.7) 2.12 0.14  
 Self-monitoring of weight 1–7 3.1 (1.5) 2.7 (1.5) 3.70 0.06  
Dieting history
 % yrs. Dieting 0–88 47.6 (20.1) 53.9 (17.4) 11.93 <0.001 0.023
 # organized diet programs 0–25 2.7 (2.9) 3.6 (4.1) 7.31 <0.01 0.014
 # 3 day diets past year 0–25 2.5 (4.2) 3.2 (4.6) 1.07 0.30  
 # lost >10 kg 0–12 3.1 (2.8) 4.2 (3.4) 8.36 <0.01 0.017
 Diet strategies
  -Total 0–11 4.0 (2.3) 4.9 (2.3) 13.75 <0.001 0.025
  - Less fat/carbs/sweets 0–3 1.6 (1.1) 1.8 (1.0) 1.28 0.26  
  - Skipping meals/eat less/fasted 0–3 1.3 (0.9) 1.5 (0.9) 6.89 <0.01 0.013
  - Use laxatives/ vomiting/diet drugs/diuretic drugs 0–4 0.6 (0.8) 1.0 (0.9) 16.75 <0.001 0.030
  1. Note: # number, SD standard deviation, Estimate of effect size: ηp2 = Partial Eta-squared