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Table 1 Age-standardized prevalence of obesity by demographic, occupational, health behavior and clinical characteristics among 136,923 US black and white men and women, National Health Interview Survey, 2004–2011

From: Obesity trends by industry of employment in the United States, 2004 to 2011

  Overall Black women White women Black men White men
  % (95 % CI) % (95 % CI) % (95 % CI) % (95 % CI) % (95 % CI)
Overall sample size 136,923 15,277 58,784 10,023 52,839
Obese 30 (29.3–30.1) 46 (45.3–47.6) 27 (26.3–27.4) 35 (34.0–36.5) 29 (28.7–29.7)
Age group
 18–49 29 (28.8–29.8) 45 (43.7–46.5) 25 (24.6–26.0) 39 (37.5–40.9) 29 (28.1–29.6)
 50–64 33 (32.3–33.6) 51 (48.9–53.2) 30 (29.3–31.2) 35 (32.4–37.0) 33 (32.0–33.9)
  ≥ 65 25 (24.4–25.6) 41 (39.0–43.7) 24 (23.0–24.8) 29 (26.9–31.8) 24 (22.8–24.7)
Educational attainment
  < High school 33 (32.5–33.8) 47 (45.7–49.2) 31 (30.2–32.1) 35 (32.7–37.3) 33 (31.6–33.4)
 High school graduate 37 (35.3–37.8) 53 (50.6–55.8) 35 (32.8–37.0) 37 (34.0–40.1) 34 (31.9–35.3)
 Some college 32 (31.1–32.4) 46 (44.1–48.0) 29 (28.2–30.0) 36 (33.9–38.4) 32 (30.5–32.5)
  ≥ College 22 (21.9–23.0) 40 (37.3–42.4) 19 (18.4–20.0) 34 (30.4–37.5) 23 (22.5–24.1)
Marital status
 Married 29 (28.7–29.6) 46 (44.2–47.9) 26 (24.8–26.2) 38 (36.2–40.1) 31 (30.0–31.2)
 Divorced/separated/widowed 31 (30.3–31.6) 47 (45.4–49.0) 29 (28.3–30.1) 34 (32.1–36.4) 28 (26.7–28.8)
 Never married 31 (29.8–31.8) 46 (43.7–48.5) 33 (31.0–34.4) 33 (29.5–36.0) 25 (23.3–26.2)
Living in poverty 38 (36.4–38.6) 51 (48.7–53.1) 38 (35.9–39.4) 34 (31.2–37.0) 31 (28.7–32.9)
Household income < $35,000 35 (34.0–35.3) 50 (48.2–51.0) 35 (33.6–35.5) 34 (32.2–35.4) 30 (28.7–30.8)
Class of worker
 Private wage 30 (29.6–30.5) 46 (45.1–47.8) 28 (27.0–28.3) 34 (32.9–35.8) 29 (28.8–30.1)
 Government 30 (29.8–31.1) 47 (45.0–49.2) 26 (25.0–26.9) 39 (36.1–41.2) 31 (29.5–32.0)
 Self employed 26 (24.7–26.6) 41 (35.5–46.0) 22 (20.7–23.5) 34 (29.0–39.2) 27 (25.2–27.8)
Occupation
 Professional/management 26 (25.5–26.9) 42 (38.8–45.3) 24 (22.5–24.5) 35 (31.8–38.6) 27 (25.6–27.5)
 Support services 28 (27.9–28.9) 46 (44.9–47.7) 26 (25.5–26.8) 34 (31.5–36.8) 27 (26.1–28.2)
 Laborers 34 (33.2–34.3) 49 (46.6–50.7) 33 (31.6–33.9) 36 (34.4–37.2) 32 (31.4–32.8)
Industry
 Manufacturing/construction 31(30.5–31.6) 47 (44.0–49.6) 28 (26.6–28.9) 35 (33.4–36.9) 31 (30.1–31.6)
 Retail 30 (28.6–30.6) 44 (39.7–47.5) 28 (26.4–29.3) 33 (27.8–38.2) 29 (27.7–31.0)
 Finances/information 27 (26.0–28.1) 42 (38.0–46.1) 26 (24.9–28.1) 32 (26.7–37.7) 25 (23.6–26.7)
 Profess/admin/man 27 (26.0–28.1) 43 (39.4–47.0) 25 (23.4–26.3) 32 (27.4–36.2) 27 (24.9–28.1)
 Education 26 (25.0–26.8) 46 (42.8–49.0) 22 (20.9–23.3) 38 (33.4–42.8) 28 (25.6–29.5)
 Health care 32 (31.3–33.1) 51 (48.5–52.9) 30 (28.7–30.9) 37 (31.8–41.7) 25 (22.4–26.7)
 Accommodation and food 31 (29.4–32.8) 48 (43.2–51.9) 29 (27.1–31.5) 33 (27.6–39.2) 28 (24.5–30.9)
 Public administration, arts 31 (29.8–31.5) 44 (41.8–46.8) 27 (25.3–27.8) 39 (35.9–42.2) 30 (29.0–32.0)
Health behaviors
 Sleep duration      
   < 7 h 34 (33.6–34.9) 49 (47.2–50.7) 32 (31.0–33.0) 38 (35.6–39.9) 33 (31.8–33.8)
  7 to 9 h 27 (26.9–27.7) 45 (43.2–46.0) 24 (23.7–24.9) 34 (32.5–35.7) 27 (26.8–28.0)
   > 9 h 37 (35.1–38.9) 51 (46.4–55.7) 36 (32.8–38.5) 34 (28.3–39.0) 35 (32.0–38.4)
 Smoking status      
  Never 30 (29.4–30.5) 47 (45.7–48.5) 26 (25.8–27.2) 38 (36.1–40.2) 30 (28.2–29.8)
  Current 32 (31.5–32.9) 53 (50.6–56.2) 29 (27.9–29.9) 39 (36.6–41.5) 33 (31.9–33.7)
  Former 25 (24.5–25.8) 39 (36.2–41.2) 24 (23.3–25.3) 26 (23.9–27.9) 24 (22.9–25.0)
 Alcohol consumption      
  Never 34 (32.6–34.4) 47 (45.2–49.2) 31 (29.8–32.3) 35 (31.5–37.9) 30 (28.7–32.0)
  Current 27 (26.6–27.5) 43 (41.2–45.0) 24 (23.0–24.3) 35 (32.8–36.6) 28 (27.2–28.5)
  Former 36 (34.9–36.6) 50 (46.6–52.6) 35 (34.1–36.7) 36 (33.7–39.2) 34 (32.2–35.1)
 Leisure-time physical activity
  Never/unable 36 (34.9–36.1) 48 (46.8–50.0) 34 (33.4–35.4) 36 (32.7–34.5) 34 (32.7–34.5)
  Low 30 (29.2–30.5) 46 (43.8–47.6) 26 (25.6–27.2) 38 (35.6–40.4) 30 (29.3–31.2)
  High 23 (22.7–23.9) 43 (40.6–45.1) 20 (19.2–20.8) 32 (29.3–34.2) 24 (23.0–24.7)
Clinical characteristics
 Hypertension (yes) 45 (44.5–45.8) 58 (56.2–59.4) 43 (42.2–44.5) 47 (45.2–49.2) 44 (42.6–44.6)
 Diabetes (yes) 58 (56.8–59.4) 69 (67.0–72.0 58 (55.7–60.0) 56 (52.4–58.7) 56 (53.4–57.9)
 Heart disease (yes) 36 (34.7–36.9) 55 (51.3–57.7) 33 (31.7–34.9) 43 (38.2–47.3) 35 (33.4–36.8)
 Cancer (yes) 29 (28.1–30.5) 49 (44.2–52.8) 29 (27.0–30.2) 44 (36.2–52.3) 28 (25.5–29.8)
Health status
 Excellent/very good 22 (22.0–22.9) 36 (34.3–37.4) 19 (18.7–19.9) 30 (27.9–31.4) 23 (22.7–23.9)
 Good 38 (37.7–39.0) 50 (48.2–51.9) 37 (36.0–38.0) 38 (36.0–40.6) 37 (36.4–38.3)
 Fair/poor 46 (44.6–46.5) 60 (57.6–61.8) 45 (43.4–46.5) 43 (40.2–45.5) 43 (41.1–44.2)
Region of country
 Northeast 28 (27.2–29.0) 44 (40.3–46.9) 25 (23.7–26.4) 34 (31.2–37.1) 29 (27.7–30.3)
 Midwest 31 (30.4–31.9) 45 (43.0–47.0) 29 (28.3–30.5) 37 (33.7–40.1) 31 (30.1–31.8)
 South 31 (30.6–31.8) 48 (46.5–49.4) 27 (26.1–27.9) 35 (33.5–36.5) 30 (29.0–31.0)
 West 26 (24.8–26.3) 43 (39.0–47.0) 24 (23.2–25.4) 34 (29.4–37.8) 25 (24.1–26.4)
  1. Weighted estimates; the sample sizes are unweighted