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Table 2 Bivariate associations of individual factors and neighbourhood SEP, respectively, with overweight

From: Neighbourhood socioeconomic context, individual socioeconomic position, and overweight in young children: a multilevel study in a large German city

Variables OR (95 % CI) p-value
Sex   
 Boy 0.98 (0.81-1.19) 0.8429
 Girl Reference  
Nationality of the child   
 Other than German 2.05 (1.65-2.54) <.0001
 German Reference  
Birth weight   
 Low (<2.500 gram) 0.92 (0.67-1.25) 0.5808
 Normal (2.500 gram – 4.000 gram) Reference  
 High (>4.000 gram) 1.78 (1.33-2.40) 0.0001
BMI mother   
 Normal (<25 kg/m2) Reference  
 Overweight (25 kg/m2 - <30 kg/m2) 2.44 (1.93-3.08) <.0001
 Obese (≥30 kg/m2) 3.08 (2.19-4.34) <.0001
Parental Education   
 Low 2.53 (1.98-3.23) <.0001
 Middle 1.76 (1.39-2.23) <.0001
 High Reference  
Parental working status   
 Unemployment within household 1.63 (1.17-2.27) 0.0042
 At least one parent employed Reference  
Equivalent household income   
 Low (<60 % Median)a 2.35 (1.69-3.27) <.0001
 Middle (60 % to Median) 1.79 (1.32-2.43) 0.0002
 High (>Median) Reference  
 Not indicated 1.68 (1.27-2.22) 0.0003
Single parenthood   
 Single parent 1.02 (0.77-1.34) 0.9079
 Other Reference  
Household crowding   
 Yes 1.55 (1.27-1.88) <.0001
 No Reference  
Neighbourhood SEP   
 High Reference  
 Middle 1.35 (1.03-1.77) 0.0319
 Low 2.00 (1.55-2.56) <.0001
  1. OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, SEP Socioeconomic position
  2. aMedian equivalent household income in Bavaria