Skip to main content

Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the study population

From: Correlation of adiposity indices with cardiovascular disease risk factors in healthy adults of Singapore: a cross-sectional study

  Total (n = 125) Male (n = 63) Female (n = 62) p value
Age (y) 31.4 ± 12.2 30.6 ± 11.6 32.2 ± 12.8 0.452
Height (cm) 166.5 ± 9.0 172.4 ± 6.8 160.6 ± 6.9 <0.001
Weight (kg) 63.3 ± 13.9 70.3 ± 11.9 56.2 ± 12.2 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 22.7 ± 3.9 23.6 ± 3.8 21.7 ± 3.9 0.006
WC (cm) 73.5 ± 10.4 78.0 ± 9.4 68.9 ± 9.4 <0.001
HC (cm) 90.8 ± 7.5 91.7 ± 7.1 89.9 ± 7.8 0.196
WHR 0.81 ± 0.07 0.85 ± 0.06 0.76 ± 0.06 <0.001
PBFa 24.1 ± 8.4 18.8 ± 5.8 29.5 ± 7.2 <0.001
PBFb 25.2 ± 9.4 20.1 ± 7.8 30.4 ± 7.9 <0.001
PBFc 29.2 ± 8.3 23.5 ± 5.6 35.2 ± 6.1 <0.001
BAI 24.4 ± 4.1 22.6 ± 3.5 26.2 ± 3.8 <0.001
SBP (mm Hg) 111.5 ± 15.8 117.7 ± 10.4 105.3 ± 17.8 <0.001
DBP (mm Hg) 66.1 ± 9.2 67.7 ± 8.6 64.4 ± 9.5 0.046
FBG (mmol/L) 4.6 ± 0.5 4.6 ± 0.5 4.5 ± 0.5 0.313
FSI (mU/L) 8.3 ± 5.3 7.9 ± 5.6 8.8 ± 4.9 0.349
HOMA-IR 1.7 ± 1.2 1.6 ± 1.3 1.8 ± 1.2 0.474
TG (mmol/L) 0.86 ± 0.44 0.89 ± 0.40 0.83 ± 0.49 0.472
TC (mmol/L) 5.0 ± 1.4 5.0 ± 1.8 5.1 ± 0.9 0.666
HDL (mmol/L) 1.6 ± 0.4 1.5 ± 0.3 1.7 ± 0.4 0.001
LDL (mmol/L) 3.1 ± 1.2 3.1 ± 1.6 3.0 ± 0.8 0.777
TC/HDL 3.3 ± 1.1 3.5 ± 1.2 3.2 ± 1.0 0.056
TG/HDL 0.62 ± 0.51 0.67 ± 0.45 0.57 ± 0.57 0.277
LDL/HDL 2.1 ± 0.9 2.2 ± 1.0 1.9 ± 0.8 0.051
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± SD. p values indicate results of independent samples t tests between gender groups
  2. PBF was measured by aBIA, bBOD POD, and cDEXA, respectively
  3. Abbreviations: BAI body adiposity index, BIA bioelectrical impedance analysis, BMI body mass index, DBP diastolic blood pressure, DEXA dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, FBG fasting blood glucose, FSI fasting serum insulin, HC hip circumference, HDL high density lipoprotein, HOMA-IR homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, LDL low density lipoprotein, SBP systolic blood pressure, TC total cholesterol, TG triglycerides, WC waist circumference, WHR waist-to-hip ratio