Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of women with BMI information by women groups: 2003, 2008 and 2014

From: Socio-demographic trends in overweight and obesity among parous and nulliparous women in Ghana

  Parous women Nulliparous women
2003 2008 2014 2003 2008 2014
Characteristic % N % N % N % N % N % N
Age group (years)
 15–24 15.9 519 15.2 434 14.0 406 84.0 1313 82.7 1258 79.3 1086
 25–34 38.0 1244 36.8 1053 36.2 1049 12.5 195 14.0 212 17.2 236
 35–44 32.9 1076 33.9 969 35.7 1033 3.1 49 3.0 46 3.3 45
 45+ 13.2 432 14.1 403 14.1 410 0.4 6 0.3 5 0.2 3
Educational level
 No education 35.6 1164 28.5 815 26.0 753 11.4 179 5.6 85 3.9 54
 Primary 6.7 219 23.2 662 19.9 577 14.2 222 14.1 215 14.7 201
 Middle/JSS/JHS 25.4 832 46.1 1319 40.8 1183 56.6 885 73.7 1121 41.6 570
 Secondary/higher 32.3 1056 2.2 63 13.3 385 17.8 277 6.6 100 39.8 545
Marital status
 Never married 3.7 121 6.2 178 8.2 237 86.0 1344 88.1 1341 88.7 1215
 Married 74.3 2429 63.7 1821 56.8 1647 6.6 103 5.4 82 6.1 84
 Cohabiting 8.7 286 16.0 458 18.9 549 4.4 69 4.6 69 3.9 54
 Previously married 13.3 435 14.1 402 16.1 465 3.0 47 1.9 29 1.3 17
Wealth quintile
 Poorest 19.8 648 18.2 520 17.4 505 9.3 146 9.7 148 14.8 203
 Poorer 19.3 630 20.3 580 18.0 521 11.2 176 12.9 196 15.0 206
 Middle 20.6 672 20.4 583 22.3 647 15.0 234 19.2 292 17.6 241
 Richer 19.9 652 22.8 652 22.0 638 26.2 409 24.9 379 23.1 316
 Richest 20.4 669 18.3 524 20.3 587 38.3 598 33.3 506 29.5 404
Occupation
 Not working 9.5 311 8.8 252 13.0 380 51.6 806 52.1 792 45.4 622
 Prof/managerial 8.5 278 11.5 330 6.8 197 13.5 211 18.2 277 12.5 171
 Sales/trade 30.6 1002 39.7 1136 42.9 1240 16.0 250 14.4 219 23.9 328
 Agric 37.4 1224 32.0 910 23.9 691 7.2 113 6.6 101 7.3 100
 Manual 14.0 456 8.0 231 13.4 390 11.7 183 8.7 132 10.9 149
Type of locality
 Urban 41.7 1365 43.9 1255 51.7 1498 64.8 1013 59.5 905 61.4 841
 Rural 58.3 1906 56.1 1604 48.3 1400 35.2 550 40.5 616 38.6 529
Ethnicity
 Akan 50.0 1634 50.5 1446 51.7 1499 53.6 838 52.9 806 50.4 690
 Ga/Adangme 8.7 285 6.4 182 7.3 211 8.8 137 8.7 132 8.8 121
 Ewe 13.3 437 13.0 372 12.9 373 14.1 220 12.1 184 13.7 188
 Mole-Dagbani 13.1 429 17.0 485 14.1 410 8.8 137 12.8 195 13.9 191
 Gurma 2.5 82 3.6 103 5.8 168 1.7 27 3.2 48 5.5 75
 Others 12.4 404 9.5 271 8.2 237 13.0 204 10.3 156 7.7 105
Number of children
 1 20.1 658 19.8 565 19.3 558 - - - - - -
 2 16.9 553 19.4 556 20.1 582 - - - - - -
 3 16.3 532 16.7 477 17.4 506 - - - - - -
 4 12.9 424 15.1 431 14.1 409 - - - - - -
 5 10.8 351 10.4 296 11.2 325 - - - - - -
 6 8.8 288 7.5 213 8.3 239 - - - - - -
 7+ 14.2 465 11.2 321 9.6 279 - - - - - -
BMI group
 Underweight 8.0 262 6.8 193 4.1 119 12.0 187 12.1 185 10.6 145
 Normal 61.9 2025 57.2 1636 48.0 1392 72.8 1138 69.4 1055 65.8 902
 Overweight 19.6 640 23.9 685 28.3 820 12.3 192 14.5 221 17.4 239
 Obese 10.5 344 12.1 345 19.6 567 2.9 46 4.0 60 6.2 84
 Total 100 3271 100 2859 100 2898 100 1563 100 1521 100 1370