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Table 2 Prevalence of overweight/obesity by socio-demographic characteristics of women: 2003, 2008 and 2014

From: Socio-demographic trends in overweight and obesity among parous and nulliparous women in Ghana

  Parous women Nulliparous women
2003 (N = 3271) 2008 (N = 2859) 2014 (N = 2898) 2003 (N = 1563) 2008 (N = 1521) 2014 (N = 1370)
Characteristic % % % % % %
Age group (years)
 15–24 12.4 13.2 24.4 11.9 14.2 15.2
 25–34 29.1 36.6 47.9 28.3 36.2 52.0
 35–44 38.1 43.6 55.1 51.5 48.7 73.5
 45+ 34.1 41 52.7 30.3 60.3 69.1
Educational level
 No education 18.0 21.9 27.5 11.8 14.8 18.4
 Primary 35.0 35.3 47.8 13.0 14.3 8.5
 Middle/JSS/JHS 31.5 43.4 54.8 15.5 17.9 17.0
 Secondary/higher 41.3 72.3 66.6 18.3 36.8 36.7
Marital status
 Never married 12.8 29.3 33.4 12.9 16.4 19.7
 Married 31.3 37.4 50.0 31.1 39.8 59.4
 Cohabiting 25.3 27.5 40.8 21.3 28.4 39.9
 Previously married 31.3 42.5 56.1 38.6 30.7 74.4
Wealth quintile
 Poorest 8.9 12.7 15.9 2.6 8.4 4.3
 Poorer 15.6 18.5 31.3 2.7 7.8 7.6
 Middle 23.0 30.3 45.5 5.3 9.1 21.1
 Richer 38.2 50.9 63.9 16.3 24.5 29.1
 Richest 63.5 66.4 75.3 25.1 26.4 38.6
Occupation
 Not working 27.7 33.4 37.6 11.4 10.7 15.3
 Prof/managerial 48 46.4 67.9 22.5 32.5 47.5
 Sales/trade 45.2 48.3 61.0 24.2 30.8 29.2
 Agric 14.1 18.6 21.9 4.9 11.2 6.2
 Manual labour 30.4 32.4 51.7 18.0 20.9 29.6
Type of locality
 Urban 46.8 52.4 60.0 19.3 23.5 29.2
 Rural 18.1 23.3 34.9 7.7 11.1 14.6
Ethnicity
 Akan 33.2 40.9 55.9 15.4 17.7 26.4
 Ga/Adangme 47.1 43.6 58.4 18.5 32.8 32.8
 Ewe 31.7 40.4 44.8 14.6 15.0 26.3
 Mole-Dagbani 13.2 22.9 27.8 11.1 12.1 13.6
 Gurma 6.2 5.7 18.2 12.3 10.1 10.1
 Others 26.7 33.6 48.5 16.0 25.0 17.6
Number of children
 1 23.7 30.1 40.7 - - -
 2 36.9 39.2 54.8 - - -
 3 32.3 36.9 54.4 - - -
 4 35.6 40.7 50.7 - - -
 5 31.1 39.8 42.8 - - -
 6 24.0 33.0 50.0 - - -
 7+ 26.5 31.8 35.8 - - -
 Total 30.1 36.0 47.9 15.2 18.5 23.6