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Table 3 Logistic regression of associations between BMI category and mental distress case status (assessed by the four SCL-90 subscales)

From: Associations between obesity and mental distress in late midlife: results from a large Danish community sample

  Total sample %case Underweight Normal weight Overweight Obese Severely obese P-value1
Men %case OR (CI) Adj. OR (CI) %case OR (CI) Adj. OR (CI) %case OR (CI) Adj. OR (CI) %case OR (CI) Adj. OR (CI) %case OR (CI) Adj. OR (CI) OR Adj. OR
Somatization 7.3 11.3 1.7 (0.7;3.8) 1.2 (0.5;2.9) 7.0 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref) 5.4 0.8 (0.6;1.0) 0.7 (0.5;0.9) 13.5 2.1 (1.5;2.9) 1.7**(1.2;2.4) 16.7 2.7 (0.9;8.0) 1.8 (0.6;5.9) 0.000 0.000
Depression 5.8 4. 0.9 (0.3;3.0) 0.7 (0.2;2.2) 5.2 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref) 5.3 1.0 (0.7; 1.4) 1.0 (0.7;1.4) 8.9 1.8 (1.2;2.6) 1.5*(1.0;2.3) 8.3 1.7 (0.4;7.2) 1.3 (0.3;6.2) 0.026 0.163
Anxiety 7.1 12.9 1.8 (0.8;3.9) 1.4 (0.6;3.2) 7.5 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref) 6.1 0.8 (0.6;1.1) 0.8 (0.6;1.0) 9.1 1.2 (0.9;1.8) 1.1 (0.7;1.5) 0.0 --- --- 0.060 0.218
GSI 6.0 8.1 1.5 (0.6;3.8) 1.0 (0.4;2.7) 5.6 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref) 5.1 0.9 (0.7;1.3) 0.9 (0.6;1.2) 9.8 1.8 (1.3;2.7) 1.5* (1.0;2.2) 4.2 0.7 (0.1;5.5) 0.5 (0.1;3.6) 0.002 0.061
Women
Somatization 6.4 7.5 2.0 (0.9;4.0) 1.6 (0.7;3.5) 4.0 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref) 7.6 2.0 (1.2;3.2) 1.7* (1.0;2.9) 10.7 2.9 (1.6;5.1) 2.2**(1.2;4.2) 15.0 4.3 (1.2;15.3) 1.5 (0.4;6.5) 0.002 0.101
Depression 5.3 7.5 1.8 (0.9;3.6) 1.3 (0.6;2.9) 4.4 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref) 5.3 1.2 (0.7; 2.0) 1.1 (0.6;1.9) 6.3 1.5 (0.8;2.9) 1.1 (0.6;2.3) 10.0 2.4 (0.5;10.9) 1.0 (0.2;5.1) 0.399 0.948
Anxiety 6.6 6.8 1.0 (0.5;2.1) 0.8 (0.4;1.7) 6.7 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref) 6.1 0.9 (0.6;1.4) 0.8 (0.5;1.3) 7.8 1.2 (0.7;2.1) 0.9 (0.5;1.7) 5.0 0.7 (0.1;5.6) 0.3 (0.1;2.4) 0.940 0.693
GSI 5.4 6.8 1.8 (0.9;3.7) 1.4 (0.6;3.0) 4.0 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref) 6.1 1.6 (0.9;2.6) 1.4 (0.8;2.4) 7.3 1.9 (1.0;3.6) 1.5 (0.7;2.9) 10.0 2.7 (0.6;12.1) 1.0 (0.2;5.2) 0.176 0.706
  1. Unadjusted odds ratio and adjusted odds ratio with age, occupational social class, and duration of education as covariates
  2. Note: All independent factors except duration of education were analyzed as categorical variables. Odds ratio (OR); Confidence interval (CI)
  3. 1P value of associations between BMI category and SCL-90 subscale case status
  4. *Difference from reference category remained significant at p < 0.05 in adjusted model
  5. **Difference from reference category remained significant at p < 0.001 in adjusted model