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Table 4 Associations between abdominal obesity and psychological, somatic and life style variables in the T1DM patients

From: Gender, alexithymia and physical inactivity associated with abdominal obesity in type 1 diabetes mellitus: a cross sectional study at a secondary care hospital diabetes clinic

  Abdominal obesity
(N = 265)
    Model 1 Model 2
  COR P AOR P a AOR P a
Gender (women) 4.5 (2.3–9.0) <0.001 5.0 (2.4–10.3) <0.001 4.9 (2.4–10.2) <0.001
Depression (≥ 8p)b 1.3 (0.5–3.3) 0.61 - - - -
Anxiety (≥ 8p)c 2.4 (1.3–4.5) 0.006 1.5 (0.7–3.1) 0.27 1.3 (0.6–2.8) 0.51
Alexithymia (≥ 61p)d 2.2 (1.0–4.7) 0.039 2.6 (1.1–6.0) 0.028 - -
High DIF (≥23 p)d 3.5 (1.6–7.7) 0.002 - - 3.1 (1.3–7.5) 0.011
High DDF (≥18 p)d 0.7 (0.2–2.1) 0.55 - - - -
High EOT (≥ 27 p)d 0.3 (0.1–1.3) 0.11 - - - -
High self-emancipation (≥66 p)e 1.4 (0.5–3.7) 0.48 - - - -
Low self-affirmation (≤38 p)e 2.1 (0.9–4.8) 0.091 1.0 (0.3–3.0) 0.95 0.9 (0.3–2.6) 0.85
Low self-love (≤40 p)e 1.8 (0.7–4.3) 0.19 - - - -
Low self-protection (≤30 p)e 1.0 (0.4–2.9) 0.94 - - - -
Low self-control (≤28 p)e 1.6 (0.7–3.9) 0.27 - - - -
High self-blame (≥52 p)e 1.7 (0.7–3.8) 0.23 - - - -
High self-hate (≥50 p)e 2.8 (1.2–6.3) 0.017 1.1 (0.4–3.1) 0.80 1.1 (0.4–3.5) 0.85
High self-neglect (≥48 p)e 1.5 (0.6–3.6) 0.41 - - - -
Smokingf 0.8 (0.3–2.4) 0.66 - - - -
Physical inactivityg 2.1 (0.9–4.9) 0.083 3.1 (1.2–8.1) 0.023 3.5 (1.3–9.1) 0.012
Age (per year) 1.02 (1.00–1.05) 0.11 1.04 (1.00–1.07) 0.024 1.04 (1.00–1.07) 0.024
Diabetes duration 1.00 (0.98–1.03) 0.77 - - - -
Cardiovascular complications 5.2 (1.5–18.9) 0.011 - - - -
Clinical psychiatric diagnoses 2.2 (1.0–4.9) 0.044 0.9 (0.2–3.6) 0.86 0.9 (0.2–3.8) 0.93
Antidepressants 2.9 (1.1–7.2) 0.025 1.6 (0.6–4.7) 0.38 1.6 (0.6–4.7) 0.38
MDII and OAA 19.1 (5.9–62.0) 0.001 - - - -
CSII 0.2 (0.03–1.8) 0.16 - - - -
MDII 1   - - - -
  1. N = 284 unless otherwise specified
  2. a Multiple logistic regression analysis (Backward: Wald)
  3. bHADS-D
  4. cHADS-A
  5. dTAS-20
  6. eSASB
  7. Missing values: e n = 7
  8. f n = 12
  9. g n = 12. Model 1/model 2: Hosmer and Lemeshow Test 0.685/0.735; Nagelkerke R Square 0.192/0.20