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Table 4 Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the associations of cardio-metabolic comorbidities with overweight/obesity

From: Differential prevalence and associations of overweight and obesity by gender and population group among school learners in South Africa: a cross-sectional study

Outcomes Overalla Population groupsb
    Coloured Black White
  OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value
Hypertension
 No 1   1   1   1  
 Yes 3.02 (1.52–6.00) 0.002 3.27 (1.18–9.08) 0.023 3.62 (1.31–10.04) 0.013 1.63 (0.14–19.52) 0.702
Triglycerides > 1.5 mmol/L
 No 1   1   1   1  
 Yes 1.83 (1.12–2.99) 0.016 1.94 (0.99–3.78) 0.053 1.22 (0.52–2.88) 0.642 4.0 (0.79–20.21) 0.095
Total cholesterol > 5 mmol/L         
 No 1   1   1   1  
 Yes 1.04 (0.65–1.68) 0.869 0.61 (0.29–1.28) 0.189 1.86 (0.82–4.19) 0.137 1.40 (0.43–4.56) 0.574
HDL-C < 1.2 mmol/L         
 No 1   1   1   1  
 Yes 2.53 (1.89–3.40) <0.0001 3.65 (2.33–5.72) <0.0001 1.56 (1.01–2.40) 0.046 5.04 (1.35–18.80) 0.016
  1. aAdjusted for age, gender and population group; bAdjusted for age and gender; Hypertension: systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure equal to the 95th percentile for gender, age and height