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Table 3 Age-adjusted odds ratio (and 95% confidence intervals) for self-reported OA across BF% categories stratified by BMI groups and sex

From: Association of Metabolic Markers with self-reported osteoarthritis among middle-aged BMI-defined non-obese individuals: a cross-sectional study

  BMI Underweight/Normal Overweight
Body Fat Percentage (BMI < 25 kg/m2) (BMI 25–29.99 kg/m2)
Female Athletic/Acceptable Reference Reference
Overweight/Obese 1.92 (0.81,2.87) 1.84 (1.18,3.19)*
(n = 711) (n = 556)
Male Athletic/Acceptable Reference Reference
Overweight/Obese 1.41 (0.61,2.39) 1.32 (1.12,2.79)*
(n = 394) (n = 801)
  1. All four models were adjusted for age; Individual body fat percentages were grouped into three body fat categories: athletic/good (males: < 14% females < 23%), acceptable (males 15–20%, females 24–30%), or overweight/obese (male > 21% females > 31%).;* p-value< 0.05