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Table 2 Distribution of adiposity measures and blood pressures of study participants (N = 367)

From: Discriminative ability of adiposity measures for elevated blood pressure among adolescents in a resource-constrained setting in northeast Nigeria: a cross-sectional analysis

Variable Boys Girls p-value Total
N = 191 N = 176 N = 367 p-value
Weight (kg)
 Early adolescence 41.8 (14.1) 48.0 (12.1) 0.030 44.8 (13.5)  
 Middle adolescence 46.9 (10.8) 52.4 (11.5) 0.001 49.6 (11.5)  
 Late Adolescence 54.3 (8.9) 53.9 (12.1) 0.860 54.1 (10.4) 0.001*
Body Mass index
 Early adolescence 18.7 (4.9) 20.6 (4.4) 0.053 19.6 (4.7)  
 Middle adolescence 18.27 (2.8) 21.2 (4.6) 0.001 19.7 (4.1)  
 Late Adolescence 19.4 (4.7) 21.4 (4.1) 0.005 20.3 (3.7) 0.393*
Waist circumference (cm)
 Early adolescence 66.2 (12.8) 72.1 (9.8) 0.018 69.1 (11.8)  
 Middle adolescence 65.3 (7.1) 70.9 (9.8) 0.001 68.1 (8.9)  
 Late Adolescence 69.3 (6.5) 70.0 (10.7) 0.713 69.6 (8.6) 0.415*
Waist-to-height ratio
 Early adolescence 0.44 (0.07) 0.47 (0.06) 0.046 0.46 (0.07)  
 Middle adolescence 0.41 (0.03) 0.45 (0.06) 0.001 0.43 (0.05)  
 Late Adolescence 0.41 (0.04) 0.44 (0.06) 0.009 0.42 (0.05) 0.001*
Blood pressure categories n (%)
 Prehypertensive 19 (9.1) 20 (11.4) 0.787** 39 (10.6)  
 Hypertensive 8 (4.2) 13 (7.4) 0.274** 21 (5.7)  
  1. Values presented as mean (SD), unless otherwise indicated, n (%) = Frequency (percentage), *ANOVA p-values reported, **Chi-square p-values reported. Early adolescence (10–13 years), Middle adolescence (14–16 years), Late adolescence (17–18 years) as described by Cromber et al. [47]