Skip to main content

Treatment of obesity in clinical practice

This section includes studies on treating obesity in a clinical setting, bariatric surgery, drug treatment, and obesity management in pregnant women.

  1. To describe the characteristics of participants who registered for multiple annual offerings of a community-based weight loss program called The Challenge, and to determine participant characteristics associat...

    Authors: Merrill D. Funk, MinJae Lee, Michelle L. Vidoni and Belinda M. Reininger
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2019 6:2
  2. Bariatric surgery leads to changes in mental health, quality of life and social functioning, yet these outcomes differ among individuals. In this study, we explore patients’ psychosocial experiences following ...

    Authors: Dina H Griauzde, Andrew M Ibrahim, Natalie Fisher, Amanda Stricklen, Rachel Ross and Amir A Ghaferi
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2018 5:38
  3. Tranexamic acid reduces blood loss associated with various surgical procedures. Postoperative bleeding caused by dissection or bleeding of the enteric staple lines is a well-known complication following bariat...

    Authors: R. A. Klaassen, C. A. Selles, J. W. van den Berg, M. M. Poelman and E. van der Harst
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2018 5:36
  4. Gastrointestinal (GI) co-morbidity is common in obese patients, but the effect of weight loss surgery on GI symptoms is incompletely elucidated. The aims of the present study were to explore changes in GI symp...

    Authors: Anne Stine Kvehaugen and Per G. Farup
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2018 5:29
  5. Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective strategy for producing significant and durable weight loss. Yet, not all patients achieve initial weight loss success and some degree of weight regain is very ...

    Authors: Stephanie P. Goldstein, J. Graham Thomas, Sivamainthan Vithiananthan, George A. Blackburn, Daniel B. Jones, Jennifer Webster, Richard Jones, E.Whitney Evans, Jody Dushay, Jon Moon and Dale S. Bond
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2018 5:27
  6. Body mass index (BMI) has been used to assess body adiposity, but it cannot adequately reflect body fat (BF) amount. The body adiposity index (BAI) has been shown a better performance than BMI for this purpose...

    Authors: Giliane Belarmino, Raquel S. Torrinhas, Priscila Sala, Lilian M. Horie, Lucas Damiani, Natalia C. Lopes, Steven B. Heymsfield and Dan L. Waitzberg
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2018 5:25
  7. Variations in the delivery of content and process can alter the effectiveness of complex interventions. This study examined the fidelity of a weight loss intervention (Camden Weight Loss) from recorded consult...

    Authors: Lorraine M Noble, Emma Godfrey, Liane Al-Baba, Gabriella Baez, Nicki Thorogood and Kiran Nanchahal
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2018 5:24
  8. People living with severe obesity report high levels of weight-related stigma. Theoretically, this stigma undermines weight loss efforts. The objective of this study is to test one proposed mechanism to explai...

    Authors: SeungYong Han, Gina Agostini, Alexandra A. Brewis and Amber Wutich
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2018 5:18
  9. Obesity (BMI ≥30) during pregnancy is becoming an increasing public health issue and is associated with adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) further increases the ri...

    Authors: Karin Haby, Marie Berg, Hanna Gyllensten, Ragnar Hanas and Åsa Premberg
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2018 5:16
  10. Obesity is a well-known condition of resistant hypertension (HT). Insights to the hemodynamic patterns that characterize obesity related hypertension may help guide therapeutic adjustments and shorten time to ...

    Authors: Catarina Santos and Pedro Marques da Silva
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2018 5:13
  11. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) has been an established bariatric procedure for the last three decades and was, for many years, the first-choice procedure for the treatment of chronic obesity. Howe...

    Authors: Leeying Giet, Julia Baker, Franco Favretti, Gianni Segato, Paul Super, Rishi Singhal and David Ashton
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2018 5:12
  12. To assess the value of serological biomarker testing as a substitute for esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGDS) in pre-operative assessment of patients referred for bariatric surgery.

    Authors: Jaanus Suumann, Toomas Sillakivi, Živile Riispere, Kari Syrjänen, Pentti Sipponen, Ülle Kirsimägi and Ants Peetsalu
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2018 5:9
  13. Subjects with morbid obesity commonly use Non-Nutritive Sweeteners (NNS), but the health-related effects of NNS have been questioned. The objectives of this study were to explore the associations between theus...

    Authors: Robert Winther, Martin Aasbrenn and Per G. Farup
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2017 4:41
  14. In Canada, severe obesity (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2) affects 5% or 1.2 million adults. Bariatric surgery is the only effective treatment for severe obesity, but the demand for publicly funded procedures is high and capacit...

    Authors: Laurie K. Twells, Shannon Driscoll, Deborah M. Gregory, Kendra Lester, John M. Fardy and Dave Pace
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2017 4:40
  15. The current literature on determinants of behavior change in weight management lacks sufficient studies on type of motivation among children/adolescents, on perceived competence, and in relation to healthy eat...

    Authors: Suzanne Mokhtari, Benjamin Grace, Youngju Pak, Astrid Reina, Quinn Durand and Jennifer K. Yee
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2017 4:36
  16. The UK rheumatology community serves an ageing and ethnically diverse population, with a growing public health concern about obesity. Overweight and obesity contribute to 2.8 million preventable deaths annuall...

    Authors: G. Colligan, J. Galloway and H. Lempp
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2017 4:33
  17. Irritable bowel syndrome has been reported as more common in patients with morbid obesity than in the general population. The reason for this association is unknown. The aims of this study were to study the pr...

    Authors: Martin Aasbrenn, Ingvild Høgestøl, Inger Eribe, Jon Kristinsson, Stian Lydersen, Tom Mala and Per G. Farup
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2017 4:22
  18. Unhealthy eating and physical activity behaviours are common among nurses but little is known about determinants of eating and physical activity behaviour in this population. The present study used a theoretic...

    Authors: Brian T. Power, Kirsty Kiezebrink, Julia L. Allan and Marion K. Campbell
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2017 4:18
  19. Knowledge is limited on the role the ability to self-regulate plays in the long-term outcome of obesity treatment in children and adolescents with severe obesity. The purpose of this study was to determine whe...

    Authors: Jutka Halberstadt, Emely de Vet, Chantal Nederkoorn, Anita Jansen, Ottelien H. van Weelden, Iris Eekhout, Martijn W. Heymans and Jacob C. Seidell
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2017 4:13
  20. Obesity is a pro-inflammatory state that may predispose patients to acute coronary syndrome characterized by chronic low grade inflammation resulting in endothelial dysfunction (ED). The aim of the study was t...

    Authors: Ruchi Singh, Arushi Verma, Salim Aljabari and Tetyana L. Vasylyeva
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2017 4:11
  21. The number of bariatric procedures has exponentially increased in the past decade, as a result of the lack of successful clinical weight-loss interventions. The main reasons for the failure of clinical obesity...

    Authors: Flavio A. Cadegiani, Gustavo C. Diniz and Gabriella Alves
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2017 4:9
  22. It is recommended for women to have a healthy body mass index before conception. However, there is limited research on appropriate preconception interventions for weight loss. Furthermore, there is a lack of k...

    Authors: Samantha M. Harden, NithyaPriya S. Ramalingam, Kathryn E. Wilson and Emily Evans-Hoeker
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2017 4:8
  23. The efficacy of a non-prescription drug to support weight loss programs has yet to be compared. This clinical trial investigates the comparability of orlistat 60 milligram (mg) and polyglucosamine.

    Authors: Manfred Stoll, Norman Bitterlich and Umberto Cornelli
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2017 4:4
  24. The King’s Obesity Staging Criteria (KOSC) comprises of a four-graded set of health related domains. We aimed to examine whether, according to KOSC, patients undergoing bariatric surgery differed from those op...

    Authors: Tone G. Valderhaug, Erlend T. Aasheim, Rune Sandbu, Gunn S. Jakobsen, Milada C. Småstuen, Jens K. Hertel and Jøran Hjelmesæth
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2016 3:51
  25. Community Health Centers (CHCs) are important settings for obesity prevention and control. However, few studies have explored the barriers that CHC clinicians perceive their patients face in maintaining a heal...

    Authors: Rebecca C. Woodruff, Gillian L. Schauer, Ann R. Addison, Ajay Gehlot and Michelle C. Kegler
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2016 3:43
  26. The metabolic syndrome is a worldwide health issue, with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (liver steatosis) being one of its features, particularly closely related to insulin resistance. This study aims to in...

    Authors: Victoria T. Isaksen, Maria A. Larsen, Rasmus Goll, Jon R. Florholmen and Eyvind J. Paulssen
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2016 3:39
  27. Weight loss improves cardiovascular risk factors and “quality of life”. Most therapeutic approaches fail to induce a sustained weight loss and most individuals undergo weight regain. In this paper the comprehe...

    Authors: Anne-Madeleine Bau, Andrea Ernert, Heiko Krude and Susanna Wiegand
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2016 3:29
  28. Weight management education is one of the key strategies to assist patients to manage their weight. Educational resources provide an important adjunct in the chain of communication between practitioners and pa...

    Authors: Nouhad El-Haddad, Catherine Spooner, Nighat Faruqi, Elizabeth Denney-Wilson and Mark Harris
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2016 3:16
  29. The development of effective strategies for the management of overweight in adolescence is a well recognized need. The current study investigates the effectiveness of an e-therapeutic platform (Next.Step) whic...

    Authors: Helena Fonseca, Ana Prioste, Pedro Sousa, Pedro Gaspar and Maria do Céu Machado
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2016 3:15
  30. Obesity affects 37 % of patients at Veterans Health Administration (VHA) medical centers. The VHA offers an intensive weight management program (MOVE!) but less than 10 % of eligible patients ever attend. Howe...

    Authors: Melanie Jay, Katrina F. Mateo, Allison P. Squires, Adina L. Kalet and Scott E. Sherman
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2016 3:5
  31. Obesity is more prevalent in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) compared to the general population. Motivations for weight loss may influence engagement with weight management programmes and have only ...

    Authors: N. Jones, C. A. Melville, L. Harris, L. Bleazard and C. R. Hankey
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2015 2:49
  32. We sought to identify factors associated with participant retention in a 2-year, physician-lead, multidisciplinary, clinical weight management program that employs meal replacements to produce weight loss and ...

    Authors: Amy E Rothberg, Laura N McEwen, Andrew T Kraftson, Nevin Ajluni, Christine E Fowler, Nicole M Miller, Katherine R Zurales and William H Herman
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2015 2:11
  33. Enhancing individual’s health literacy for weight loss is important in addressing the increasing burden of chronic disease due to overweight and obesity. We conducted a systematic review and narrative synthesi...

    Authors: Nighat Faruqi, Catherine Spooner, Chandni Joshi, Jane Lloyd, Sarah Dennis, Nigel Stocks, Jane Taggart and Mark F Harris
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2015 2:6
  34. Socioeconomically disadvantaged adults are both more likely to be obese and have lower levels of health literacy. Our trial evaluates the implementation and effectiveness of primary care nurses acting as preve...

    Authors: Nighat Faruqi, Nigel Stocks, Catherine Spooner, Nouhad el Haddad and Mark F Harris
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2015 2:5
  35. Postoperative body shape expectations (BSE) of bariatric surgery candidates remain relatively unexplored, and may have important implications for weight loss outcomes, treatment satisfaction, and education.

    Authors: Hilary I Price, Deborah M Gregory and Laurie K Twells
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2014 1:28
  36. Cardiac natriuretic peptides are established biomarkers in heart disease, but are also affected by body mass index (BMI). The purpose of the present study was to examine the impact of weight loss and changes i...

    Authors: Caroline Kistorp, Henning Bliddal, Jens P Goetze, Robin Christensen and Jens Faber
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2014 1:24
  37. Mobile electronic devices, such as mobile phones and PDAs, have emerged as potentially useful tools in the facilitation and maintenance of weight loss. While RCTs have demonstrated a positive impact of mobile ...

    Authors: Bushra Khokhar, Jessica Jones, Paul E Ronksley, Marni J Armstrong, Jeff Caird and Doreen Rabi
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2014 1:22
  38. Providers of bariatric surgery within the National Health Service (NHS) are required to provide psychological assessment and intervention, yet operational definitions regarding the purpose and scope of this in...

    Authors: Denise Ratcliffe, Rukshana Ali, Nell Ellison, Mahbuba Khatun, Jolyon Poole and Caroline Coffey
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2014 1:20
  39. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are the most common bariatric procedures undertaken globally but there are no evidenced-based criteria that inform the selection of one operation ov...

    Authors: Sean Manning, Nicholas C Carter, Andrea Pucci, Alexander Jones, Mohamed Elkalaawy, Wui-hang Cheung, Borzoueh Mohammadi, Nicholas Finer, Alberic G Fiennes, Majid Hashemi, Andrew D Jenkinson, Marco Adamo and Rachel L Batterham
    Citation: BMC Obesity 2014 1:12